30,000 tani remubatanidzwa fetiraiza yekugadzira mutsara

Tsananguro pfupi 

Mutsetse wepagore wekugadzira wemakumi matatu ematani efoni yemubatanidzwa mubatanidzwa wemidziyo yepamberi. Low kugadzirwa mutengo uye yakakwirira kugadzirwa kunyatsoshanda. Remubatanidzwa fetiraiza yekugadzira mutsara inogona kushandiswa kune granulation yezvinhu zvakasiyana siyana zvinoumbwa mbichana. Chekupedzisira, komputa yemanyowa ine huwandu hwakasiyana uye mafomula inogona kugadzirirwa zvinoenderana nezvinodiwa, kunyatsozadza zvinovaka muviri zvinodikanwa nezvirimwa, uye kugadzirisa kupokana kuri pakati pekudiwa kwezvirimwa nekuwanikwa kwevhu.

Chigadzirwa Chigadzirwa

Mumakore achangopfuura, nyika yakagadzira uye ikapa nhevedzano yemitemo yekusimudzira kusimudzira indasitiri yemanyowa. Izvo zvakanyanya kudiwa kwechikafu chemanyowani, zvakanyanya kudiwa zviripo. Kuwedzera kuiswa kwe organic fetiraiza hakugone chete kudzora mashandisirwo emakemikari manyowa, asi zvakare kunatsiridza mhando yezvirimwa uye kukwikwidza pamusika, uye yakakosha pakudzivirira nekudzora kwekurima kusinganetsi sosi sosi sosi uye kusimudzira kwekurima kupihwa- divi rechimiro shanduko. Panguva ino, mabhizinesi e aquaculture anga ave maitiro ekugadzira mafotereza emanyowa, kwete kungoda marongero ezvekuchengetedza nharaunda, asi zvakare kutsvaga mitsva mitsva yekuwana budiriro yakagadzikana mune ramangwana.

Iko kugona kwekugadzira kwe diki organic manyowa ekugadzira mitsara inosiyana kubva ku500 kilograms kusvika 1 tani paawa.

Mbishi zvigadzirwa zvinowanikwa kune organic fetiraiza kugadzirwa

Mbishi zvigadzirwa zvekugadzira fetereza kugadzirwa zvinosanganisira urea, ammonium chloride, ammonium sulphate, liquid ammonia, ammonium monophosphate, diammonium phosphate, potasium chloride, potasium sulphate, kusanganisira imwe ivhu uye zvimwe zvinozadza.

1) Nitrogen mafetiraiza: ammonium chloride, ammonium sulfate, ammonium thio, urea, calcium nitrate, nezvimwe.

2) Potassium fetiraiza: potasium sulphate, huswa uye madota, nezvimwe.

3) Phosphorus fetiraiza: calcium perphosphate, inorema calcium perphosphate, calcium magnesium uye phosphate fetiraiza, phosphate ore upfu, nezvimwe.

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Kugadzira mutsetse kuyerera chati

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Kubatsira

Seunyanzvi hwokugadzira fetiraiza yekugadzira tambo michina, isu tinopa vatengi zvigadzirwa zvekugadzira uye mhinduro dzakakodzera kwazvo dzakasiyana dzakasiyana dzekugona kugona senge matani zviuru gumi pagore kusvika kumatoni mazana maviri ezviuru pagore.

1. Iyo mbishi zvinhu zvakajairika inochinjika uye inokodzera granulation yemubatanidzwa fetiraiza, mushonga, kemikari indasitiri, chikafu uye zvimwe zvigadzirwa mbichana, uye chigadzirwa granulation chiyero chakakwirira.

2. Njodzi yekugadzira inogona kuburitsa kukosheswa kwakasiyana siyana, kusanganisira fetiraiza yemushonga, fetereza inorganic, fetiraiza yezvipenyu, manyowa yemagineti, nezvimwewo.

3. Mutengo wakaderera, basa rakanakisa. Fekitori yedu inogadzira uye inotengesa yega seyakananga mutengesi kuti ipe huwandu hwevatengi mabhenefiti pamutengo wakanakisa. Uye zvakare, kana vatengi vaine matambudziko ehunyanzvi kana mibvunzo yegungano, vanogona zvakare kutaurirana nesu nenguva.

4. Fetereza yemubatanidzwa inogadzirwa mumutsetse wekugadzira uyu une hunyoro hushoma hwekutora mwando, uri nyore kuchengeta, uye unonyanya kushomeka pakuisa michini.

5. Iyo yose mukomboni fetiraiza yekugadzira mutsara yakaunganidza makore mazhinji ehunyanzvi ruzivo uye kugona kugona. Iyi inoshanda uye yakaderera-simba remubatanidzwa fetereza yekugadzira iyo yakagadziriswa, yakagadziridzwa uye yakagadzirirwa, kubudirira kugadzirisa matambudziko ekushomeka uye kudhura pamusha nekune dzimwe nyika.

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Basa Musimboti

Maitiro kuyerera kwekomboni fotereza yekugadzira tambo inowanzo kuve yakakamurwa kuita: mbishi zvinhu zvinoshandiswa, kusanganisa, granulation, kuomesa, kutonhora, kudonhedza, kupedzisa kupfeka, uye yekupedzisira yapera kurongedza.

1. Zvinhu zvakasvibirira zvinoshandiswa:

Zvinoenderana nezvinodiwa pamusika uye mhedzisiro yevhu yemuno mhedzisiro, urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium chloride, ammonium thiophosphate, ammonium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, heavy calcium, potasium chloride (potassium sulphate) uye zvimwe zvinhu zvakasvibirira zvinogoverwa mune chimwe chikamu. Yakawedzerwa uye inoteedzera zvinhu zvinoshandiswa sezvinhu zvinosanganiswa mune chimwe chikamu kuburikidza nezviyero zvebhandi. Zvinoenderana neiyo muyero wefomula, zvese zvakasvibirira zvinhu zvinosanganiswa zvakaenzana kubva pamabhanhire kuenda kuvasanganisi, maitiro anonzi premixes. Iyo inovimbisa iko kurongeka kwekuumbwa uye inoziva inoshanda uye inoenderera uye inoshanda zvigadzirwa.

2. Zvinhu zvakasanganiswa zvakasanganiswa:

Horizontal chisanganiso chinhu chakakosha chikamu chekugadzira. Inobatsira iyo mbishi zvinhu kusanganisa zvizere zvakare uye nekuisa hwaro hwepamusoro-hunyanzvi uye hwemhando yepamusoro granular fetiraiza. Ini ndinogadzira imwechete-ekisero yakatwasuka musanganisi uye kaviri-axis yakatwasuka musanganiswa kusarudza kubva.

3. Granulation:

Granulation ndiyo yepakati chikamu chemukomboni fotereza yekugadzira mutsara. Sarudzo yegranulator yakakosha kwazvo. Yedu fekitori inogadzira diski granulator, dhiramu granulator, roller extruder kana nyowani komputa fetiraiza granulator. Mune ino inoumba manyowa ekugadzira mutsara, isu tinosarudza rotary dhiramu granulator. Mushure mekunge zvinhu zvasanganiswa zvakaenzana, bhandi rekutakura rinotakurirwa kumuchina wedhiramu granulation muchina kupedzisa granulation.

4. Kuongorora:

Mushure mekutonhora, zvinhu zvine hupfu zvinoramba zviri muchigadzirwa chakapedzwa. Zvese zvakanaka uye zvakakura zvidimbu zvinogona kuongororwa kunze neyedu roller roller. Hupfu hwakatsetseka hwakavhenekerwa hunotakurwa kubva kubhandi rekutakura kuenda kune rinosanganisa kuti rimutse mbishi zvakare kugadzira granulation; nepo hukutu hukuru husinga svike padiki hunodiwa hunofanira kutakurwa kuti hunopwanywa neketani crusher pamberi pegirazi. Chigadzirwa chakapedzwa chichaendeswa kune mukomboni fotereza yekupfeka muchina. Izvi zvinoumba yakakwana yekugadzira kutenderera.

5. Kavha:

Maitiro aya anotora otomatiki huwandu hwekupakata muchina. Muchina uyu unogadzirwa nemuchina wekuyera wega, wekutakura system, wekuisa chisimbiso, nezvimwe. Unogona zvakare kugadzirisa hoppers zvinoenderana nezvinodiwa nevatengi. Inogona kuona kuwanda kuputira kwehuwandu hwezvinhu zvakadai se organic fetiraiza uye komputa fetiraiza, uye yave ichishandiswa zvakanyanya mukugadzira chikafu mafekitori uye emabhizimusi ekugadzira mitsara.